This page is a collection of links and other useful resources to help you understand the Bread and Roses Strike

Useful Links

Bread and Roses Centennial Committee

Lawrence History Center

Bread and Roses Heritage Committee

Lawrence Heritage State Park

The Path~El Sendero: Tour Lawrence Interactive on-line walking tour of the city's history. The images, sounds and dialogue will surely captivate you!

Remember the Triangle Fire Coalition

Zinn Education Project: Teach a People's History

U.S. Senate. Report on Strike of Textile Workers in Lawrence, Mass in 1912

White Fund The Report of the Lawrence Survey, 1911

Lorin Deland, The Lawrence Strike: A Study, The Atlantic, May 1912

The face of child labor in the United States at the time of the Bread & Roses strike is displayed in Joe Manning’s wonderful and powerful work putting personal histories to the faces of many of Lewis Hines’s child labor photographs. He is working now on a series of photos that Hine took in Lawrence in the years just before the strike.

Millies, a feature film (in development), is about a bankrupt, modern-day mill owner visited by mill girls from 1912 when they discover her future threatens their historic past. Inspired by "The Bread & Roses Strike of 1912"- Millies will be filmed in the actual historic locations throughout the Immigrant City of Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Strike History and Labor History-related materials:

Dexter Arnold, “A Row of Bricks: Worker Activism in the Merrimack Valley Textile Industry, 1912 – 1922.” PhD diss., University of Wisconsin Madison, 1985.

Dexter Arnold, “Ethnic Diversity and Labor Unity: Reflections on the Lowell Textile Strike of 1912,” Labor’s Heritage, Fall 1996.

Susan Campbell Bartoletti, Kids on Strike. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.

Henry Bedford, Socialism and the Workers in Massachusetts 1886 – 1912. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1966.

Joseph P. Blanchette, The View From Shanty Pond: An Irish Immigrant’s Look at Life in a New England Mill Town, 1875 – 1938. Charlotte, VT: Shanty Pond Press, 1999. (Growing up Irish in Lawrence, MA)

Ardis Cameron, Radicals of the Worst Sort: Laboring Women in Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1860-1912, University of Illinois, 1995.

Ardis Cameron, “Bread and Roses Revisited: Women’s Culture and Working-class Activism in the Lawrence Strike of 1912,” in Ruth Milkman, edt., Women, Work and Protest: A Century of U.S. Women’s Labor History, Routledge, 1985. Click Here for an online version

William Cahn, Lawrence 1912: The Bread & Roses Strike. New York: The Pilgrim Press, 1977. (Terrific collection of photographs and strike-related documents.)

Donald Cole, Immigrant City: Lawrence, Massachusetts 1845-1921. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1963.

Philip Dray, There is Power in a Union: The Epic Story of Labor in America. New York: Doubleday, 2010.

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, The Rebel Girl: An Autobiography. New York: International Publishers, 1955.

Keneth Fones-Wolf and Martin Kaufman, edts., Labor in Massachusetts: Selected Essays. Westfield: Institute for Massachusetts Studies, 1990.

David Goldberg, A Tale of Three Cities: Labor Organization and Protest in Paterson, Passaic, and Lawrence, 1916-1921. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1989.

James Green, Death in the Haymarket: A Story of Chicago, the First Labor Movement and the Bombing that Divided Gilded Age America. Anchor, 2007.

Tom Juravich, James Green, and William Hartford, Commonwealth of Toil: Chapters in the History of Massachusetts Workers and Their Unions. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1996.

Joyce Kornbluh, edt., Rebel Voices: An IWW Anthology. Charles Kerr, 1998.

David Montgomery, The Fall of the House of Labor: The Workplace, the State, and American Labor Activism, 1865 – 1925. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Priscilla Murolo and A. B. Chitty, From the Folks Who Brought You the Weekend: A Short, Illustrated History of Labor in the United States. New York: The New Press, 2001.

Alvin Oickle, Disaster in Lawrence: The Fall of the Pemberton. Charleston: The History Press, 2008.

Katherine Paterson, Bread and Roses, Too. Houghton-Mifflin, 2006. Moving young adult historical-fiction novel based on a major strike in Lawrence, Mass. in 1912.

Walter Merriam Pratt, “The Strike Situation in Lawrence,” New England Magazine, March 1912.

Patrick Renshaw, The Wobblies: The Story of Syndicalism in the United States. New York: Anchor Books, 1968.

Edward Roddy, Mills, Mansions, and Mergers: The Life of William M. Wood. North Andover: Merrimack Valley Textile History Museum, 1982.

Bruce Watson, Bread and Roses: Mills, Migrants, and the Struggle for the American Dream. New York: Penguin Books, 2005.

Howard Zinn, A People's History of the United States. Revised Edition. New York: Harper Collins, 2001.

Jim Zwick, “Behind the Song: Bread and Roses,” Sing Out! Winter, 2003.

Bibliography for the Industrial Workers of the World:
Steve Kellerman, A Century of Writing on the I.W.W.1905-2005: An Annotated Bibliography of Books on the Industrial Workers of the World Click Here for the I.W.W. bibliography


20 minute video history: Collective Voices: The Textile Strike of 1912

The Massachusetts AFL-CIO in collaboration with the Lawrence Heritage State Park created a 20 minute documentary of the history of the Bread & Roses Strike. Currently, the video acts as an introduction to the Lawrence strike exhibit at the Heritage State Park. With original footage, the inspiring video tells the story of this important moment in our collective history. Click Here for "Collective Voices"